Dharmaputra (1961) – A Complete Analysis

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Today’s second post is Dharmaputra (1961) – A Complete Analysis. Dharmaputra (1961) is the story of a Muslim boy, who is adopted by a Hindu family due to certain circumstances. He grows up to be a Muslim-hater and almost kills his own parents. The story also involves how he comes to terms with his birth when he gets to know the truth.

Dharmaputra (1961) – A Complete Analysis

  • During the first song, Saare jahanse achcha…, when the credits are shown; beautiful sketches of Indian Historical monuments are shown.
  • Dilip (Shashi Kapoor) is Javed (Rehman) and Husn Bano’s (Mala Sinha) son. Javed is not initially told about it and it is not clear when he gets to know. Dilip also not in the know that he had been adopted by Hindu parents, until the end. This is the basis of the conflict. I suppose if Dilip had known the truth, the story would have gone in a different direction. But, I still do not understand why Javed and Husn Bano cannot treat the kid as their own. Savitri (Nirupa Roy) is also unable to change Dilip’s attitude toward his own parents.
  • What I have seen is that children are influenced by the behavior of older people. Adults set an example for kids. There is no bad influence on little Dilip until he grows up. There does not seem to be any peer pressure as well; on the older Dilip. So, I don’t see any basis for Dilip’s hating another religious community members; until the partition and religious riots.
  • When he is older, Savitri tries to explain to Dilip the drawbacks of Hinduism; by highlighting the Sati system and other wrongs that were done to Hindu women. But, he is not convinced. India as a country and republic is based on the concepts of secularism and religious tolerance. I would like to take this further and say that we should accept all the good things from all the religions and communities. If this happens, how would our world be?

This reminds me of a poem, I wrote on the unity of all the people of the world.

Our Pangea

One fine morning I realized,

That the world has become one and systematized.

The continents had again formed the Pangea,

And all the seas surrounded it.

An unknown force was binding them

And all belonged to the same unit.

There was complete harmony for there was no terrorist.

Nobody hoarded money and rich and poor were not distinct.

There was no danger of the ‘Greenhouse effect’.

For there was greenery all over the planet.

There was no caste, no creed and no difference in the skin.

No Negro was oppressed by any Caucasian.

Tickets did not show discrimination,

For no one was rich none poor, with no difference of classes and Air-condition.

A single language was understood.

After all the red blood color held them bound.

But Alas! I was sitting in my favorite chair,

And had fallen into a doze.

If only this would come true,

I’ll be very happy and create a literary prose.

  • All said and done despite the drawbacks, I feel that this movie is not just a topical one for the times of yore. Youngsters of today should watch this movie and learn a few things about religious tolerance. Kabe mein raho ya Kashi mein… summarizes the story of the movie.
  • Music by N Dutta and lyrics by Sahir Ludhyanvi are fantastic. I love all the songs.

Dharmaputra (1961) songs

Saare jahanse achcha…

Main jab bhi akeli hoti hoon…

Mere dilbar mujhpar khafa na hona…

Kabe mein raho ya Kashi mein…

Aaj ki raat…

Kya dekha nainonwali…

Jai Janani jai Bharat Maa…

Bhool sakta hai bhala kaun yeh pyari ankhen

Yeh kiska lahu hai…

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