Yeh kiska lahu hai – Mahendra Kapoor – N Dutta – Rajendra Kumar | Dharmaputra (1961)

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The song, Yeh kiska lahu hai, brought tears into my eyes. Born several years after the partition of India, I have heard about stories of gore from My Mom related to her by my grandad. That also reminded me of my own poem that I wrote on India’s 65th independence day inspired by Rabindranath Tagore’s poem – Where this mind is without fear, which was one of the prayers we would recite at school. I also find that the religious intolerance phenomenon is a global one.

Sixty-five years have gone by

Sixty-five years have gone by,

Sixty-five years ago on this day,

After three hundred and forty-six bonded years,

As the pure light came by,

We were divided physically,

As rivers of blood flowed by.

The dead were our own brothers,

Chopped like cheap vegetables.

Those quitting had already,

Sown the seeds of dispute.

Did we require any more time,

to follow suit?

Sixty-five years have gone by

And where are we now?

Languishing in the murky

Depths of terrorism, being burnt alive and molested

In the name of evil.

Burning other’s homes

For the sake of religion.

Those are again brothers,

Again chopped like cheap vegetables.

Unity in diversity should have been our motto.

Will we ever see a good morrow?

When the truth of freedom will sink in.

When the inner fear would disappear.

And give way to a new tomorrow?

Movie – Dharmaputra (1961)

The song, Yeh kiska lahu hai, was featured in the B R Films’ sociodrama Dharmaputra (1961) directed by Yash Chopra and produced by B R Chopra. The movie starred Mala Sinha, Rehman, Shashi Kapoor, Ashok Kumar, etc.

The beginning of the movie is set in 1925 India, during the British rule when India was at the peak of the independence struggle. The movie revolves around 2 families living in Delhi – those of Nawab Badruddin (Ashok Kumar) and Gulshan Rai (Nana Palsikar), who are very close to each other. Husn Bano (Mala Sinha), the Nawab’s daughter, gets pregnant as a result of an affair with a Javed (Rehman). When Nawab gets to know about it, he tries to find Javed to ask him to marry his daughter. But, Javed has already absconded. Gulshan Rai’s son Amrit Rai (Manmohan Krishna) and his wife Savitri (Nirupa Roy) help Husn during the crisis. Soon, Husn gives birth to a baby boy. The infant is adopted with proper traditional Hindu rites by Amrit Rai and Savitri.

Nobody in their city knows about Husn Bano becoming an unwed mother because the delivery happened elsewhere. After the naming ceremony of the infant, Husn Bano appears depressed. So, the Nawab suggests they visit some Islamic holy places for peace. They meet Javed at one of the places and the Nawab apologizes for not allowing him to marry Husn Bano and the young people’s marriage is performed.

Husn Bano is very attached to her son, who is now called Dilip. Javed notices and acknowledges it. Nobody tells him that Dilip is actually his son from Husn Bano. I wonder what would have happened if the fact would have been mentioned to him, after all, he is his father. During his active participation in the Quit India Movement, Nawab is shot and dies a martyr. Javed and Husn Bano shift to another location. Come 1947, they return and Husn Bano wants to see Dilip. Dilip (Shashi Kapoor) has grown up into a handsome young… fascist and a Muslim-hater. He is studying Law.

It is the time of partition and communal riots. Dilip becomes the leader of a group of Hindu fundamentalists and strongly influences them to kill Muslims because some of them had killed some members of the other communities. India was burning with hatred and these misled youths were warring against the Muslims for religious supremacy and their eviction. Dilip is about to kill Javed. Savitri reveals to Dilip, in desperation, that Husn Bano and Javed are in fact his parents. Dilip regrets his attitude toward the Muslims. A patriotic secular leader (Rajendra Kumar) sings this song at this point.

Song – Yeh kiska lahu hai

The song, Yeh kiska lahu hai, was penned by Sahir Ludhyanvi and the music is by N Dutta.

The man asks, “Whose blood is this? Who died?”

Video – Yeh kiska lahu hai

Cinematography is by Dharam Chopra.

The video opens with the visuals of manmade destruction of other humans and their properties. The song has begun in the background. Visuals of people moving in caravans are shown. Partition resulted in the exodus of entire communities from the 2 parts of the divided country. Visuals of dead bodies fallen in pools of blood are shown.

Shashi Kapoor is repentant. Rajendra Kumar is singing the song. He saves a little child from a burning house. A woman’s raped and murdered body is lying near a temple and a mosque. Crowded trains with passengers sitting on the roofs are also seen. The song rises to a crescendo and ends with the video.

Artists

The song has been sung by Mahendra Kapoor for Rajendra Kumar. Shashi Kapoor and others also appear in the video.

Cultural Influence

This is a vigorous song with visuals of a lot of bloodshed and gore. The harsh words – kaun mara – bring out the stark reality in the song. The song and the artists are good. The video is watchable for the same.

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