JOHANNESBURG (AP) – A prominent South Sudanese activist has fled to the United States with the help of the U.S. government, which issued emergency visas to him and his family after he said South Sudanâ€™s president ordered him abducted or killed.
Peter Biar Ajak arrived in Washington late Thursday after weeks of hiding in Kenya and an anxious departure complicated by coronavirus restrictions.
â€œThe last few weeks have been a bit terrifying. Extremely terrifying,â€ the 36-year-old activist told The Associated Press shortly after landing. It was only when the plane was taxiing for takeoff that he could feel relief.
Ajak, a Harvard graduate and economist who helped shape his young countryâ€™s national security system – one that imprisoned him years later – was tipped off by â€œvery seniorâ€ officials back home, his lawyer Jared Genser said.
The emergency visas were â€œhighly, highly, highly unusual,â€ Genser said, and involved discussions with the State Department, which decided the threat was credible. A State Department spokesperson noted Ajak’s announced arrival and referred all questions on his immigration status to the Department of Homeland Security.
â€œI knew this was no idle threat,â€ Ajak wrote in an opinion piece published in The Wall Street Journal after his arrival. â€œIn January 2017, two other dissidents were abducted from Nairobi and murdered, leading the U.S. to impose sanctions on five South Sudanese officials.â€
Ajak urged the U.S. to impose additional sanctions, including against South Sudan President Salva Kiir for his â€œcruelty.â€ The country has never had another leader, Ajak wrote, and the U.S. must insist on a path to elections or â€œthe world will have squandered billions of dollars to create another African failed state led by a brutal dictator.â€
South Sudan government spokesmen Ateny Wek Ateny and Michael Makuei didn’t respond to requests for comment.
Ajak now plans to resume his work and, if the chance arises, meet President Donald Trump to thank him for the pressure U.S. government officials have applied: â€œIt would be my great honor.â€
The drama reflects the plunge in U.S. confidence in South Sudan, the worldâ€™s youngest country, which won independence from Sudan in 2011 and massive support from Washington, including billions of dollars in aid. Now, however, after years of devastating civil war and corruption by high-ranking officials, the U.S. is losing its patience.
The latest U.S. action â€œspeaks volumes about the enormous concerns Washington clearly has about whatâ€™s happening in South Sudan and the serious problems about President Kiirâ€™s leadership,â€ Genser said, describing Ajak as â€œone of the most feared critics of Kiirâ€™s regime.â€
Ajak, a former refugee who went to the U.S. as a teen but later gave up his green card, played a key role as an adviser in shaping the new South Sudanâ€™s national security structures. But he was fired after clashing with the official who now leads the National Security Service, Gen. Akol Koor Kuc, and became an outspoken government critic.
â€œWe had a situation where anybody could arrest anybody,â€ Ajak once said.
In 2018 he was arrested as he tried to attend a youth conference. He later was was accused of inciting trouble behind bars. But early this year he was released along with other political prisoners as part of a peace deal ending the countryâ€™s five-year civil war.
The prison experience was â€œextremely harsh,â€ Ajak has said.
He was staying in neighboring Kenya when he was tipped off five weeks ago about the threat against his life. He went into hiding, emerging only for the required U.S. interviews and to pick up visas.
And then there was the pandemic. The family had venture out to a hospital for COVID-19 tests hours before departing on a rare charter flight, Genser said.
In the hospital parking lot, he said, was a vehicle with tinted windows and South Sudan license plates that had been spotted near Ajakâ€™s building in recent days. The plates turned out to be unlisted in South Sudanâ€™s registry, Genser said.
â€œIâ€™m incredibly grateful to the U.S. for acting as expeditiously as feasible,â€ the lawyer said.
Ajak now plans to settle down and continue pressing for a â€œgenerational exitâ€ of South Sudanâ€™s leaders, with the help of the country’s diaspora – and he didn’t rule out the idea of pursuing South Sudanâ€™s presidency himself.
Serving his country and advocating for his people has been a lifetime goal, he said. â€œShould that one day mean becoming president of South Sudan, so be it.â€
The United Nations has warned the country is at risk of becoming a police state. Human rights are being trampled, and killing and intimidation are widespread, a U.N. commission warned in March. The need to swiftly implement the peace deal â€œhas never been so urgent,â€ the U.N. secretary-general has said.
And yet Ajak is undoubtedly going back one day, Genser said: â€œHe couldnâ€™t imagine a world in which he couldnâ€™t return.â€