Movie – Sargam (1979)
Hum toh chale pardes hum pardesi hogaye was featured in the N N Sippy Productions’ social drama Sargam (1979) produced by N N Sippy and directed by K Vishwanath. The Bollywood movie starred Rishi Kapoor, Jaya Prada (debut), Shashikala, Shreeram Lagoo, Asrani, Aruna Irani, Shakti Kapoor, Keshto Mukherjee, Vijay Arora, etc.
Hema (Jaya Prada) is born with a speech defect where she cannot speak. She lives with her father Chintamani Pradhan (Shreeram Lagoo), her stepmother Savitri (Shashikala) and stepsister Champa (Rajni Sharma). Hema loves to dance and is very talented. On the other hand, Champa is not very talented and does not have an aptitude for art. But, Savitri insists that Champa learn to dance and tortures and orders Hema about to perform household chores. Hema strikes up a friendship with the local Musician Raju (Rishi Kapoor).
Hema’s marriage is finalized and Raju visits the city for getting light anklets as a gift for her. He meets Kusum (Aruna Irani), who is deceived by Prakash (Shakti Kapoor). Prakash marries her and sells her to another man on the night of the nuptials. Raju, who had entered the compound of the house to save himself from the rain, saves Kusum from Prakash’s wrath and leaves the place. Kusum goes to the police. But, by the time the police come to the house Prakash has escaped.
Kusum and Raju meet again and this time Kusum helps him to get the silver light anklets for Hema since his money gets stolen. Raju reaches the village in time to see Prakash about to tie the mangalsutra around Hema’s neck. When Raju protests, he is thrown out of the temple. Raju begins to sing a song, challenging God, to protect Hema. He bangs his dafli so vigorously that his hand begins to bleed. Right then, Kusum comes there with the police to arrest Prakash. After the case is proven, Prakash is sent to jail.
Hema’s father dies of the shock and handed her over to Raju, as a valuable gift for safe-keeping. Raju promises the older man that he would find a good groom for her. After Raju performs the older man’s last rites, this song is heard in the background.
Song – Hum toh chale pardes hum pardesi hogaye
Hum toh chale pardes hum pardesi hogaye was penned by Anand Bakshi on the music scored by Lakshmi-Pyare.
The song goes, “We have to leave our native place, now, to go to another country.” Country here does not mean nation. Here it means the village where they were living.
Video – Hum toh chale pardes hum pardesi hogaye
The cinematography is by K H Kapadia.
The video opens with Rishi Kapoor performing the last rites of the older man and the song beginning in the background. Jaya Prada is staring into space, sitting near her father’s chair. She takes leave of the Lord of the village temple and Om Shiv Puri. Rishi Kapoor is with Jaya Prada.
All bid a tearful farewell. Jaya Prada travels on a bullock cart and Rishi Kapoor takes the rear on his feet. Jaya Prada yearns for the places where she had played as a child in the village. They travel on a sailboat. The song peters out and ends. The video also ends, as the sun sets.
Mohammad Rafi sings this song in the background and Rishi Kapoor. Jaya Prada, Om Shiv Puri and others look on.
This song portrays the exodus of the hero and the heroine from their native place, after the death of the heroine’s father. The hero has an important mission, to get a good groom for the heroine. The song and the artists are good. The video is watchable.