ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) – New Mexico’s attorney general sued Google Thursday over allegations the tech company is illegally collecting personal data generated by children in violation of federal and state laws.
The lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court in Albuquerque claims Google is using its education services package that is marketed to school districts, teachers and parents as a way to spy on children and their families.
Attorney General Hector Balderas said that while the company touts Google Education as a valuable tool for resource-deprived schools, it is a means to monitor children while they browse the internet in the classroom and at home on private networks. He said the information being mined includes everything from physical locations to websites visited, videos watched, saved passwords and contact lists.
The state is seeking unspecified civil penalties.
â€œStudent safety should be the number one priority of any company providing services to our children, particularly in schools,â€ Balderas said in a statement. â€œTracking student data without parental consent is not only illegal, it is dangerous.”
Google did not immediately respond to questions about the state’s allegations.
Unlike Europe, the U.S. has no overarching national law governing data collection and privacy. Instead, it has a patchwork ofstate and federal laws that protect specific types of data, such as consumer health, financial information and the personal data generated by younger children.
New Mexico’s claim cites violations of the state’s Unfair Practices Act and the federal Childrenâ€™s Online Privacy Protection Act, which requires websites and online services to obtain parental consentbefore collecting any information from children under 13. In a separate case, Google already has agreed to pay $170 million combined to the Federal Trade Commision and New York state to settle allegations its YouTube video service collected personal data on children without their parentsâ€™ consent.
According to theNew Mexico lawsuit, outside its Google Education platform, the company prohibits children in the U.S. under the age of 13 from having their own Google accounts. The state contends Google is attempting to get around this by using its education services to â€œsecretly gain access to troves of informationâ€ about New Mexico children.
The attorney general’s office filed a similar lawsuit against Google and other tech companies in 2018, targeting what Balderas described as illegal data collection from child-directed mobile apps. That case still is pending in federal court, but the companies have denied wrongdoing.
The latest lawsuit claims more than 80 million teachers and students useGoogle Education. Balderas said in a letter to New Mexico school officials that there was no immediate harm if they continue using the products and that the lawsuit shouldn’t interrupt activities in the classroom.