WASHINGTON (AP) – Itâ€™s been easy for majority Democrats to keep Republicans from shifting the focus of the House impeachment hearings. Yet GOP leverage to do just that will grow should the battle reach the Republican-run Senate.
If the House votes to impeach President Donald Trump, which seems likely, the Senate would hold a trial on whether to oust him from office, probably early next year.
There, attorneys for Trump, along with Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., or any other senator can call their own witnesses. The big catch is theyâ€™d need enough votes from the 53 GOP senators to muster a majority and prevent Democrats from blocking them.
Assuming Republican senators stay united, which isnâ€™t guaranteed, Trumpâ€™s defenders could try refocusing the inquiry by seeking testimony from people like Hunter Biden, son of 2020 Democratic presidential hopeful Joe Biden.
Trump and some Republicans have pushed an unsubstantiated narrative suggesting improprieties by Hunter Biden when he worked for Burisma, a Ukrainian natural gas company, while his father was vice president.
Calling witnesses about that – and another unfounded theory about Ukrainian involvement in the 2016 presidential election – could make life difficult for Joe Biden just as his partyâ€™s presidential primary season is beginning.
It would also please the GOPâ€™s core conservative voters, woo some independents and perhaps help any wavering Republican senators stand by Trump on climactic votes over whether to remove him from office.
â€œWhat Republicans want to do is broaden the story,â€ said David Hoppe, who was chief of staff to Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott, R-Miss., during the 1999 impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton.
But calling such witnesses could be viewed as a blatantly political move that overreaches, risking voter backlash in next Novemberâ€™s elections. That might be especially damaging for moderate Republicans facing tough reelections in swing states, where centrist voters could be pivotal.
Sen. Kevin Cramer, R-N.D., said Thursday that heâ€™d like Senate testimony from the still anonymous whistleblower, whose House appearance has been blocked by Democrats.
That personâ€™s complaint about a July telephone call between Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy triggered the impeachment investigation. Many GOP senators have opposed that idea.
Cramer said he might also like to hear from both Bidens and Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., whoâ€™s heading the House Democratsâ€™ impeachment inquiry.
Asked if Republicans might overplay their hands by calling such witnesses, Cramer said: â€œSure, itâ€™s possible. I would hope political strategists wonâ€™t allow that to necessarily happen.â€
McConnell will likely call â€œreal witnesses on both sides of the aisle,â€ said Scott Reed, senior political strategist for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and a long-time force in GOP politics. He said McConnell wonâ€™t â€œmake this an easy vote for anyone. Heâ€™s focused on maintaining the majorityâ€ Republicans have in the Senate.
Republicans say McConnell is far from deciding which witnesses would testify and is unlikely to do so until the House completes its hearings, draws up articles of impeachment and votes on them. That seems likely to take the rest of this year, at least.
A major wild card is likely to be the incendiary Trump, who might push his attorneys to pursue testimony from the Bidens or others involved with Burisma or the 2016 election.
â€œWhen this goes over to the Senate, you know, the people that actually started this thing, they are going to be put on the stand,â€ Eric Trump, the presidentâ€™s middle son, told reporters Thursday. He said that would include â€œheads of the Democratic Party.â€
Such demands would be certain to be opposed by Senate Democrats and would risk causing divisions among Republicans in showdown votes over how the Senate trial will be run.
A White House spokesman did not respond to several messages seeking comment.
McConnell and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., have said they seek a compromise on the Senate trialâ€™s procedures. Such a deal could address witnesses, whether they would testify in public and how long the trial would last.
With todayâ€™s jagged partisan differences, itâ€™s unclear that a bipartisan pact on a dominating, prickly issue like impeachment is attainable.
McConnell said recently that heâ€™d not yet held talks with Schumer.
â€œItâ€™s way too premature,â€ Schumer said Thursday when asked about witnesses.
In Wednesdayâ€™s initial impeachment hearing and in previous closed-door, sworn testimony, diplomats and White House officials have testified they believe that to press Ukraine, Trump was delaying U.S. military aid to Kyiv for its grinding war against Russian-backed forces. He was also withholding an Oval Office visit heâ€™d promised to the newly elected Zelenskiy, they said.
House Democrats were intent on limiting witnesses to officials who could address that case. Theyâ€™ve been blocking GOP requests for witnesses including Hunter Biden, another Burisma official and others who Republicans say gathered dirt on Trumpâ€™s 2016 campaign.
But while House Democrats have largely dictated that chamberâ€™s impeachment rules, Senate ground rules would tilt more toward Republicans.
Senate impeachment procedures allow witnesses to be called by the presidentâ€™s defense lawyers and by a team of House Democrats who will in effect be the prosecutors.
McConnell and any senator can also offer motions to call witnesses. A majority of senators could reject the requests.
In a past example of lawmakersâ€™ sensitivity about witnesses, Lott said he and Democrats agreed during Clintonâ€™s trial that they wouldnâ€™t let Monica Lewinsky testify in the Senate chamber.
Lott said he was concerned that Lewinsky, the White House intern with whom Clinton had an affair, would be asked about her semen-stained blue dress.
â€œI was willing to blow the place up rather than do that,â€ Lott recently told The Associated Press.
Her testimony was videotaped privately, and senators viewed excerpts.
AP reporter Jill Colvin contributed.