Today’s third post is on Kalyanji-Anandji’s late 1950s compositions. Before going to the list of songs, let’s be enlightened on how the music duo was formed. Kalyanji Virji Shah and Anandji Virji Shah were children of a Kutchi businessman, who shifted to Bombay (Mumbai now) for starting a grocery store. A great grandparent of the music duo was a folk musician of some prominence. So, it is not surprising that they took to composing Bollywood songs as adults. Besides, they were influenced by the music talent residing in the neighborhood of Girgaum where they lived.
Kalyanji began his musical career, with the then-new electronic musical instrument, clavioline. This was used to perform the Nagin been portion in the music of the movie Nagin (1954), whose music was composed by Hemant Kumar. Kalyanji and Anandji organized musical shows as the orchestral group called Kalyanji Virji and Party. They would perform in Mumbai and outside.
Kalyanji and Ananji arrived in Bollywood during the Golden Era of Music. The reigning music composers Ravi, Shankar-Jaikishan, Naushad, Madan Mohan, Hemant Kumar and S D Burman ruled the roost at that time. Finding a niche for themselves was a struggle. But, they managed it successfully. Kalyanji Virji Shah’s first movie was Samrat Chandragupta (1958) and their compositions like Chahe paas ho for that movie, were memorable.
Till Post Box 999 (1958) happened, Anandji was assisting his brother. Beginning Satta Bazar (1959) and Madaari (1959), he joined his brother officially forming the music duo Kalyanji-Anandji. Chalia (1961) become their first major success at the box-office. Himalay Ki God Mein (1965) and Jab Jab Phool Khile (1965) became cemented their position as a prominent music duo. Rest is History.
Bollywood and Kalyanji-Anandji’s Late 1950s Compositions
Some of my favorite Bollywood songs composed by Kalyanji-Anandji during the 1950s:
Chahe paas ho chahe door ho… Samrat Chandragupt (1958)
O neend na mujhko aaye… Post Box 999 (1958)
Tumhe yaad hoga kabhi hum mile the… Satta Bazar (1959)
Dil lootnewale jadugar… Madaari (1959)
Naina hain jadoo bhare… Bedard Zamana Kya Jane (1959)