Today’s Classical Music Expert is Brinda Roy Chowdhury. She has selected Raga Bahar for this week. According to her, “Raga Bahar has originated from Thaat Kaafi. It has komal Ga and both komal and shuddh Ni. In aaroha, Re is absent and in avaroha, Dha is varjit (avoided). Hence the jaati of this raga is Shadav- Shadav. Vaadi swara is Ma and Samvadi swara is Sa. This Raga is widely used to describe the beauty of Basant Ritu or the spring season. The time to sing it is midnight. The nature or prakriti of the raga is chanchal (fickleness). Aaroha has Sa Ga (komal) Ma Pa, Ga (komal) Ma Dha Ni Sa and Avaroha has Sa Ni (komal) Pa Ma Pa Ga (komal) Ma Re Sa. The Pakad is at Ma Pa Ga (komal) Ma Dha Ni Sa.”
Bollywood and Raga Bahar: Bahar has been widely used in Bollywood songs as well as for many private compositions. Some of them are:
Chham chaam nachat aayi bahar… Chhaya (1961)
Man ki been matwari… Shabaab (1954)
Baag laga doon… Tansen (1943)
Kaliyan sang karat rang raliyan… Shaapmochan (1955) Bengali movie.
Wo chup rahein… Jahan Ara (1964) This is a mix of Bahar and other tunes.