Audhav Sampoorna


Sometime back a reader asked us to write on Audhav Sampoorna Jaati, which is a category to classify different ragas in Classical Music. So, I contacted our Classical Music Expert Brinda Roy Chowdhury to explain it. This is what she told me:

Jaati: A raga can be composed of 5, 6 or 7 swaras. Based on the number of swaras used, all the ragas are classified. This classification is called the jaati of the raga. Ragas which are composed of 5 swaras come under Audhav Jaati. Ragas composed of 6 swaras come under Shadav Jaati and ragas which have all 7 notes in it are of Sampoorna (complete) Jaati. The different permutations and combinations of swaras in aaroha and avroha can be classified into the jaatis of 9 types:

  1. Sampoorna Sampoorna
  2. Sampoorna Shadav
  3. Sampoorna Audhav
  4. Shadav Sampoorna
  5. Shadav Shadav
  6. Shadav Audhav
  7. Audhav Sampoorna
  8. Audhav Shadav and
  9. Audhav Audhav

Sampoorna: We know that ragas have jaatis. Each raga has an aaroha (ascending or going from the lower notes to the higher notes) and an avroha (descending or coming down from higher to the lower notes/swaras). In many ragas, the aaroha has 5 notes, but the avroha of the same raga has all the 7 notes. In such a case, we term the jaati of the raga to be Audhav- Sampoorna. Similarly, when the aaroha and avroha have all the 7 notes, we call its jaati to be Sampoorna Sampoorna or simply, Sampoorna.

Audhav Sampoorna: The adjective Audhav is added to a jaati when the raga has only 5 notes in it. Some ragas can have the jaati of Audhav Audhav (where both aaroha and avroha have 5 notes) and some ragas can have the jaati of Audhav Sampoorna (with aaroha of 5 notes and avroha of 7 notes).

Bollywood and Audhav Sampoorna: Some ragas representing the Audhav Sampoorna Jaati with examples of Bollywood songs based on them are:

Raga Kedar – Bekas pe karam kijiye… Mughal-e-Azam (1960)

Raga Desh – Aji ruth kar ab… Aarzoo (1964)

Raga Bageshri – Radha na bole na bole… Azaad (1955)

Raga Bhimpalasi – Khilte hain gul yahan… Sharmilee (1971)

Raga Patdeep – Megha chhaye adhi raat… Sharmilee (1971)

Raga Asavari – Jhanak jhanak tori baje… Mere Huzoor (1968)

In the video, Brinda has recorded a demo, explaining the Audhav Sampoorna Jaati.


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9 responses to “Audhav Sampoorna”

  1. Awesome!! The guidelines are so vivid that you don’t need to consult any printed notes. The demonstration by Brinda RoyChoudhury says it all.

    Every time I come across this segment, I find something new and engrossing.

    Thank you Brinda RoyChoudhury and Gayatri Rao for your efforts.

    Eagerly Waiting for more.

  2. Very nicely explained. Looking forward for more such videos. Will be helpful for beginners and also experts in this field

  3. Amazing, Brinda u made it sound so easy for those.. who doesn’t have knowledge about music… and your voice is just captivating…. made my day

  4. Thank you so much, Brinda and Gayatri for taking so much effort in responding to my query. The jaati is so lucidly explained in the article and the video is melodious and informative at the same time.

    As a reader, it feels extremely gratifying when I see my request being replied to with such sincerity and dedication. You’ve not only answered my query but have taken it a step further and talked about how jaatis are classified and what the different jaatis are. I am indeed touched and impressed at the same time.

    Hats off, Gayatri and thank you for your melodious elucidation, Brinda! Hope to hear more from you.

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