Raga Shivaranjani

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This week’s expert Stuti Ishwar Pant, a National Award-winning research scholar in classical music chose Raga Shivaranjani. Stuti said, “This raga belongs to the Kaafi Thaat and its structure is – Aaroha has Sa Re Ga Pa Dha Sa and in Avaroha the swaras are Sa Dha Pa Ga Re Sa. The gandhar or Ga is in the Komal form instead of Shuddha. Every raga has a mood and Shivaranjani is famous for Karuna Rasa. It portrays vulnerability, deep passion and sorrow very well.”

Nuances:  Shivranjani is normally sung in the evening time around 4.30-5 PM, during the third prahar or third part of the day. It an intense raga, beautifully depicts melancholy and is sung over higher notes. It shows some amount of desperation as well.

Bollywood and Raga Shivaranjani: The raga can be modified for Bollywood. Composers often mix 2 ragas (among which one is this one) and make it into a ragamalika or a song based on a sequence of 2 ragas for separate stanzas.

We chose the following examples from Bollywood that are based on Raga Shivaranjani.

Tere mere beech mein… – Ek Duje Ke Liye (1981)

Kai sadiyonse… – Milap (1972)

Jane kahan gaye who din… – Mera Naam Joker (1970)

Banake kyon bigda re… – Zanjeer (1973)

Aawaz deke humein tum bulao… – Professor (1962)

Mere naina saawan bhadon… – Mehbooba (1976)

Kahin deep jale kahin dil… – Bees Saal Baad (1962)

Dil ke jharokhe mein… – Brahmachari (1968)

Baharon phool barsao… – Suraj (1966)

Na jaiyo pardes… – Karma (1986)

Rhim jhim ke geet sawan gaye… – Anjana (1969)

Sansaar hai ik nadiya…  – Raftaar (1975)

Stuti’s Take: First of all, today Bollywood songs are not based on ragas. Music vocalists do not choose to perform Raga Shivaranjani either. This could be due to limited time or any other reason. But, they should choose to perform the same. If they restrict themselves only to popular ragas, then Shivaranjani Raga might get extinct. I think it is the responsibility of all musicians and the connoisseurs to keep this raga alive.

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