This is one of my favorite Rafi sad songs.
Movie: This song appears in 1958 thriller Kalapani (Direct translation is Black Water. But it was a type of punishment in India during the British Rule.) The movie was produced by late Dev Anand and directed by late Raj Khosla under the banner of Nav Ketan Films. The movie starred Dev Anand, late Madhubala, late Nalini Jaywant, late Agha, late Nazir Hussain, late Mukri, late Agha, late Jankidas, Krishan Dhawan, late Kishore Sahu, late D K Sapru, etc.
Karan Mehra (Dev Anand) gets to know that his father Shankarlal is in jail for a murder. His mother (Mumtaz Begum) had been pretending for the last 15 years that his father is dead. Karan gets a job as a journalist and goes to Hyderabad to meet his father.
There he gets to know that his father is innocent of the murder. Karan begins to gather proof of his father’s blamelessness as that can help reopen the case to set him free. Karan meets one of the witnesses, who had spoken for his father, in the court. The man informs him about the investigating officer, Inspector Mehta (Nazir Hussain).
When he visits a newspaper office to investigate the case, he gets attracted to investigative reporter Asha (Madhubala). Asha is the owner of the lodge, where he stays as the paying guest, as well.
With the support of the retired investigating officer, Karan gets to know about other witnesses – Kishori (Nalini Jaywant) and Jumman (Krishan Dhawan). Mehta had overheard a conversation between Kishori and Jumman about a letter, which might be helpful to prove the innocence of Shankarlal.
Karan tries to woo Kishori through this song so that he would get the letter from her.
Song: The music of this very slow song was composed by S D Burman and Majrooh Sultanpuri penned the lyrics.
The man says that he went on beckoning to the girl in senselessness. He went on drinking alcohol to forget his sorrow. When the intoxication was gone, he realized that all those close to him had left him.
Video: Cinematography is by V Ratra.
The video opens with Dev Anand humming and singing the alaap. Then, he begins the song. Nalini Jaywant performs a dance with a few gestures as she sits on the floor, depicting all that Dev Anand is singing. Nalini Jaywant requests another girl to switch off the electric lights and light oil lamps and candles.
Dev Anand continues to sing all the while. Nalini Jaywant brings a lighted candle near him. Dev Anand actually sheds tears as he remembers his father in jail and he has to go through so many hardships to bring his father out. The video ends with the song.
Artists: The playback singers of this song are Mohammad Rafi and onscreen performances are by Dev Anand, Nalini Jaywant and others.
Cultural Influence: This is a different situation in a movie, where the hero is singing a sad song in front of a nautch girl. He has an ulterior motive in singing this song – to attract the nautch girl. The situation, if real, is usually handled in speech only. Taking the cinematic liberty, a song has been woven from the speech. The video can be watched many times for the artists and the song.