Indianapolis homelessness statistics have fluctuated within the last ten years, with the research being done much is still unknown.
The Indiana University Public Policy Institute and the Coalition for Homelessness Intervention and Prevention (CHIP) have conducted annual “Point-in-Time (PIT) Count” for the last ten years. This annual count allows the community to estimate the extent of homelessness within Marion County. According to the Indiana Public Policy Research for Indiana, homelessness decreased in 2016 by 2.8 percent. The count was in accordance with the guidelines set forth by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). According to HUD an individual or family has to meet one of two requirements to be considered as homeless; 1. lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, or 2. be fleeing, or attempting to flee domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, or other dangerous or life threatening conditions that relate to violence against the individual or a family member. Based on those definitions on the night of the Point-in-Time Count 1,619 individuals were experiencing homelessness in Marion County.
Of that total amount 130 of those were unsheltered and 326 were veterans. Veterans make up about a quarter of the homeless population in Marion County, but the percentage has dropped by three percent since 2015.Among the total 1,619 homeless, 1,069 men made up the majority.. Of those experiencing homelessness, the majority are African Americans, seconded by Caucasians. The subpopulation is also primarily composed of those suffering from substance abuse followed by severely mentally ill.
The biggest issue Indianapolis and Marion County faces to be able to help the homeless community is providing shelter for them to stay and get warm, especially during the winter months. The other major issue is the funding needed to help those with mental illness and substance abuse issues.
If you want to learn more about the statistics in Marion County and Indianapolis you can visit http://www.chipindy.org/.