Movie: This song appeared in 1960 hit Muslim social drama Chaudhvin Ka Chand (Beauty of the Moon one day before the Full Moon) directed by Mohammad Sadiq and produced by Guru Dutt under the banner of Guru Dutt Films. The movie starred late Guru Dutt, Waheeda Rehman, late Rehman, late Johnny Walker, etc.
The setting of the movie is Lucknow city, where Islamic Culture flourished. Nawab (Rehman) falls in love with an unknown girl (Waheeda Rehman), whom he meets in the market. He tries various tricks to find out more about her. But, before anything concrete can happen, the girl Jameela is married to Nawab’s friend Aslam (Guru Dutt). It is after their marriage that Aslam sings this song one day in praise of Jameela’s beauty.
Song: S D Burman was Guru Dutt’s favorite composer. Burman Dada had warned not to make Kagaz Ke Phool, which was similar to his own life. Guru Dutt wanted to make the film and Burman Dada insisted that it would be his last film with Guru Dutt. Needless to say, Kagaz Ke Phool was a box office disaster. Thus, the music composition work for Chaudhvin Ka Chand went to Ravi. The responsibility of penning the lyrics went to Shakeel Badayuni.
This song eulogizes the beloved. The man praises his beloved’s beauty through this song.
Video: Cinematography is by V K Murthy. Point to be noted is that Guru Dutt used his discretion to have this song, which includes the title, in color, while the rest of the movie was in black and white.
The video begins with Waheeda Rehman sleeping on a bed placed directly on the floor. Guru Dutt looks at her and enjoys her beauty. Guru Dutt begins the song with humming. He approaches her and sits down near her. She opens her eyes and she turns away to smile in shyness. She turns back to look at him.
She is about to get up and he moves close to her. She immediately gets up and stands near the parapet wall of the balcony, where they are present. She covers her head with her dupatta. She has her back to the camera. As he continues to sing, she turns back to smile at him. He pulls her close. But, she goes away from him. The video ends with the end of the song when Guru Dutt is sitting on the bed inside their room and Waheeda Rehman is standing near a window.
Artists: The playback of this song was sung by Mohammad Rafi and the onscreen performances are by Guru Dutt and Waheeda Rehman.
Cultural Influence: Some men praise their beloveds when they need something from them. This is usually conducted as a conversation. But, this being a movie, the makers have featured a song here. The song is melodious and fantastically rendered by Rafi Sahab. The video is watchable for the song and the artists.